If you want to travel the Kalahari, you have to be totally self-reliant. There is no water in most of the Central Kalahari Game Reserve, no firewood, no fuel, no cell phone reception and no shops. One thing in abundance is deep sand that makes for slow driving…
The narrow sandy tracks often have small humps which are difficult to detect and which can energise to put the vehicle into a series of ever increasing bounces. They also have high ‘middelmannetjies’ and it is dangerous to get off the road for oncoming vehicles, because of the dry grass. We passed three burnt-out vehicles that caught fire, almost certainly from stopping over the dry grass. During and after the rainy season some stretches around the pans would be quite muddy; now they were deep, hard mud tracks.
Each campsite has a bucket shower (for which you have to provide the water), a long drop toilet and a fire place but no other facilities. You also have to dispose of your own garbage; best being to burn what you can in your campfire and carry tins and bottles out.
The Kalahari is one of those photogenic places where the light is supernaturally beautiful. The golden yellow grass of the dry season shades in nicely with the grey sandy tracks and contrasts with the soft blue-grey sky. Red sunsets takes your breath away while the soft colours of the sunrises and the bright starry night sky, together with its remoteness, makes a visit to the Kalahari a soul cleansing experience.
The birdlife is prolific. Rare bird species that you will see plenty of in the Kalahari include the small but bright Crimson-breasted shrike, Korhaan and Kori Bustard. It is also nice to see wild ostrich roaming the pans and small animals like ground squirrels ‘scoffling’ in the sand. I have never seen as many silverback jackal and bat-eared foxes in any other park.
Deception, Sunday and Leopard Pan
From Francistown we followed the deep sandy track to Matswere gate. Normally there is drinking water available here, but now the borehole had run dry. Fortunately we had two full 70 litre water tanks on board, but, on doing the arithmetic, we realised that stretched over 5 days and 4 people, this meant an allowance of only 7 litres per person per day.
Our plan was to traverse the whole Central Kalahari Game Reserve, from the north-east down towards the west of the park, then back towards the centre, there turning south to exit at the adjacent Khutse Game Reserve. However, we were warned by the park officials at the Matswere Gate that this was an ambitious venture. They were surprised that we planned this route and advised us that the 233km drive from Deception Camp to Xaka Camp would be too long to do in one day. He kindly made some phone calls and changed our booking to Xade Camp, which turned out to be excellent advice.
We spent the first night at Deception Camp and did a loop to Sunday Pan and Leopard Pan the next day, spending the second night also at Deception. On this loop we stopped to lend a hand to two German women who had a flat tyre. As it was late in the afternoon they were very relieved to get assistance.
In early September the Kalahari was dry and the only water available to the animals was at the manmade waterholes fed by solar powered boreholes. Such was the one at Sunday Pan where oryx, springbok and jackal congregated and we spent hours enjoying the wildlife.
On seeing springbok digging for bulbs to eat, one gets new respect for the bushmen who used similar tactics to survive in the Kalahari. The whole southern Africa region was suffering from drought and during our visit before the rainy season, the pans were bone dry. However, the striking copses of green trees on the open yellow grassed pans showed the presence of underground moisture and made it easy to spot the animals.
One such sighting was a cheetah with her three cubs close to Leopard pan. When this family had finished their feast, vultures moved in until three jackals chased them away. Once the jackals had had their meal, the vultures returned and were joined by some crows to squabble over the scraps.
The next day we passed Piper Pan en route to Xade. This massive pan was also bone dry, but still had plenty of game roaming the short grass. Many animals congregated at the Piper Pan waterhole and, for the first time in this park, we saw Kudu, exquisite with their regal horns.
It turned out to be a lengthy day with long stretches of deep sand. We did not expect to get water at Xade Camp near the west of the park and were thus pleasantly surprised when we found drinking water and ablutions with showers and flush toilets at the entrance gate. As we had already prepared ourselves for another bush shower, we didn’t mind the fact that the shower water was cold as elephants had damaged the pipes of the solar heating system.
The elephants had also damaged the water pipes leading to the nearby waterhole which was almost dry when we got there. However, having wondered at the absence of these giants thus far, we managed to get a brief elephant sighting near the hole.
From Xade to Xaka the going was extremely rough! Deep, rutted and bumpy sand meant first and second gear driving; just about the worst we have encountered on any of our African trips and we wondered how any broken down vehicle would be pulled out!
About halfway to Xade we stopped to pump our air suspension but made an alarming discovery. It appeared that our water tanks were leaking! We did not know how much had leaked and if just one or both water tanks were affected. With four of us in the vehicle, and knowing that there was no water on the very long and very slow journey to Xaka and then to Khutse, we felt we had no choice but to return to Xade.
There we topped up both tanks to see how much water we had lost and realised with relief that one of the filler pipes had fallen down and it was just the overflow from that that had caused the leak. However, by this time it was after midday and we realised that we would not make Xaka before night fall, having gained new respect for the distances involved in those very difficult driving conditions.
Quite disappointed we overnighted at Xade again and, since our advance booking for Khutse had gone awry and there was no game to be seen on that route, we changed our route plan to exit at Xade and travel to McCarthy’s Rest border post via Kang and Tsabong.
More Kalahari deep sand
After the difficult sandy driving we enjoyed being on the excellent Trans-Kalahari highway. However, this pleasure was short-lived as we had inadvertently left the GPS on shortest distance which prematurely routed us onto more deep sand on the cutline towards Mabuasehube. We thought this was our intended shortcut south on a gravel road before Sekoma, only realising our mistake too late! Fortunately we met some locals who showed us a sandy shortcut east to Inegalago which was not yet on the T4A map and after about 3 hours of this unproductive detour we got back on track.
McCarthy’s Rest turned out to be the nicest border post that we have yet encountered. It is small and very neat and the officials were friendly, displaying a sense of wry political humour following our inquiry as to what had changed in South Africa since our departure! It was good to be back and rounded off a pleasant visit to Botswana.
How to book
You can book camping at Matswere gate, Deception Pan, Sunday Pan, Leopard Pan, Xade Camp and Xaka Camp by contacting the Botswana Department of Wildlife and National Parks (DWNP) at email@example.com.
You can book Khutse GR by contacting Big Foot Tours at firstname.lastname@example.org.
See this article for full details on booking national parks in Botswana.